31 May, 2017

It was a great famine, which comprehended our nation

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Today is of special significance for our country, which has overcome many difficulties on the way to the cherished dream - freedom. On May 31, the Kazakh celebrate the Day of Remembrance of Victims of Political Repression and Hunger, approved 20 years ago by a special Decree of the President Nursultan Nazarbayev.

Also, this year Kazakhstan marks the 80th anniversary of the bloody terror of the thirty-seventh. For only one century, the Kazakh people survived a number of tragic events, horrifying in their scale and consequences. On this day, we remember with grief our wonderful compatriots who served the country wholeheartedly, but who fell victim to the totalitarian system, innocently executed and subjected to persecution, millions of people who died of hunger from their fellow citizens. We sincerely wish that such a disaster never again happened. Because it was a great famine that comprehended our nation.

There is a saying “The jute (famine) has seven brothers”. Disasters, like the seven-headed monster, one after another, struck our people in the last century, almost led to its destruction.

A terrible tragedy began with the National Liberation Uprising of 1916. Speaking against colonial oppression, the people were subjected to merciless reprisals. Even peaceful auls, innocent people did not escape a cruel fate. For this reason, many Kazakhs had to move abroad in a hurry.

Soon new tragic events broke out. This time they were summoned by two coups. The February coup of 1917, when the tsar was overthrown, the Kazakhs hoped to get independence. However, the same year in the fall, the October Revolution took place, on the wave of which the Bolsheviks came to power. It laid the foundation for the most difficult test for our people, stretching out for many years. The civilian population became the victim of fighting between white and red. As a result of the policy on the principle of "divide and conquer", discord and enmity came to the country, the related peoples began to move away from each other.

Many people became victims of the erupted famine, which raged for several years. It was the "fourth jute brother". There was a troubled time when people ate each other. That's how almost a whole generation was cut on the root. Because of the famine of the twenties, the early thirties, the Kazakh population decreased by half.

Fifth, the consequences of the campaign for the confiscation of domestic animals organized in 1928-1929, which aggravated the mass famine, became difficult for the people. The situation, brought to the point of absurdity by the subsequent campaign of collectivization, became the embodiment of extreme cruelty and arbitrariness of the authorities. Such a hostile attitude to the traditional economic order led to the fact that wealthy people, rich people who had cattle, preferred to leave for neighboring countries. However, when crossing the border, many of them perished at the hands of the Red Army men, and their bones remained scattered in gullies and ravines.

"The seventh brother of jute" – political repression of 1937-38. It was one of the most terrible disasters that fell on the Kazakhs. It actually destroyed the brightest minds of our people, depriving the most educated and noble representatives, defenders and leaders of the nation.

The bloody massacre exterminated the best of the best among the Kazakhs. Alash representatives who were selflessly serving their people were subjected to repression, making efforts to form its historical identity. The immunity of the nation has weakened.

As a result of repression, Kazakh journalism also suffered heavy losses. Outstanding masters of the pen Turar Ryskulov, Saken Seifullin, Ilyas Zhansugurov, Beyimbet Mailin, who ran the newspapers "Ushkyn", "Yekbek Tui", "Yenbekshi Kazakh", in different years were repressed as "enemies of the nation" and by 1938 they all had shot to the death.

Such tragedies should never happen again. Their burdens our people have taken out together with representatives of other ethnos, compelled to move to our country. The common misfortunes united the people, despite different languages and religions, and it was here, on the sacred Kazakh land, they found their shelter. Their descendants grew and became successful people in modern Kazakhstan.

Therefore, it is our duty not to forget the victims of political repression and hunger.  

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