10 October, 2017

Alphabet of Kozhikov

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Under the modernization of Kazakhstan’s identity program, it is fair to recall the Kozhikov’s Alphabet, which was published 105 years before in 1912. It was the same time as the "Teaching Tool" of Akhmet Baitursynov was released.

It should be thoroughly reviewed and analyzed in the context of the royal education.

On the cover page of the book, it reads in Russian "Букварь для взрослых школ в Туркменском крае. Составил заведующий русско-туземным училищем Конгр Ходжа Ходжиков" ("The alphabet for the Kazakh schools in the Turkestan region. Constructed by Konyrkodja Kozhikov, the head of the Karnak Russian-language College). The alphabet was published by “the permission of the Turkestan Education Authority”. Publisher of the book was "Kaimov, Husainov and Publishing" printing house in Orenburg. Today the alphabet requires to be carefully examined how it was used in order to increase literacy level among ordinaries.

The alumni of the Turkistan teacher's school, teacher and public figure, an active member of the Alash movement, executive secretary of the Kokand People's Council of Turkistan Autonomy Konyrkodja Kozhikov wrote the first "Alphabet" at the beginning of the 20th century, because of the spiritual necessity on his teaching.

In his introduction, he draws attention of mullahs, who teach the Qur'an, to the fact that children were uneducated despite they had spent two or three years at the school. The reason is that there was no book in the Kazakh language. Therefore, in his “alphabet” he systematically shows the methods of marking one Kazakh sound to Arabic letter. He wrote that after learning the alphabet, children could read. In addition, Mr. Kozhikov created a compilation, which consists stories that everyone knows, and poems.

Russia intended to implement their policy by blocking the Zhadid movement, the official order to use the Russian alphabet in the Turkic-speaking region's educational institution to create a new alphabet. That is why it is necessary to scrutinize the first "alphabet".

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