Education • 10 July, 2018

243 thousand unemployed and unproductively self-employed individuals found jobs — Madina Abylkassymova

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July 10 at the meeting of the Government chaired by the Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev, Minister of Labor and Social Protection of the Population Madina Abylkassymova reported on the implementation of the Program for the Development of Productive Employment and Mass Entrepreneurship for 2017-2021, reports

The program is aimed at improving the quality and potential of labor resources through providing them with professional skills and qualifications that are in demand on the labor market, the development of mass entrepreneurship, and an effective model of labor intermediation. In the current year, 110.6 billion tenge was allocated for the implementation of the Program, which will allow to cover 571,000 citizens with employment promotion measures.

"In the first half of the year, almost 290,000 unemployed and unproductively self-employed citizens, or 101% of the plan for the first half of the year, were covered by employment measures. Of them, 243 thousand people were employed, including 158 thousand or 66% — for permanent jobs," Abylkassymova informed.

If we focus on the first direction of the program, which provides for mass training in the professions that are in demand on the labor market, it should be noted that since 2017, graduates of schools not enrolled in educational institutions are given the opportunity of free technical and vocational training to find their first profession. So from September 1, 21,000 young people will start training in colleges.

Meanwhile, 37,200 unemployed and self-employed citizens are to be trained on the basis of colleges and training centers of the Atameken NCE in order to obtain the skills that are in demand on the labor market. For this purpose, 7.8 billion tenge was provided.

"As of July 1, about 30,000 participants were sent for training, which is 80% of the annual plan," the minister noted.

Abylkassymova stressed that the key indicator of the Program is employment after completion of training. Thus, of the people who completed the short-term vocational training, 4,700 have been employed.

"Today the most popular professions on the labor market, for which the program participants were trained, are in technical spheres, service industries, hotel business and catering," Abylkassymova said.

At the same time, the second direction of the Program is aimed at the development of mass entrepreneurship.

"On behalf of the Head of State, under the Fourth Social Initiative to expand the microcredit program in 2018, the financing of the microcredit program has been increased for 20 billion tenge and is 62.6 billion tenge. For lending in rural areas, 45.3 billion tenge or 72% of the allocated amount of funds will be directed, in cities — 17.3 billion tenge or 28%," the minister explained.

Since the beginning of the year, 3,027 microcredits have been issued, including 1,567 microcredits for supporting start-up projects, 74 microcredits for the development of a new line of anchor cooperation, and 476 microcredits for the expansion of business. In general, for the year, it is expected to cover more than 14 thousand people with microcrediting.

The average size of microcredits in rural areas is 3.6 million tenge, and in cities — 11 million tenge. In general, 1808 workplaces were additionally created for microcredit recipients.

In addition, according to the Bastau-Business project in 2018, 30,000 citizens are expected to be trained in business skills, 2.4 billion tenge is allocated for this.

Within the third direction of the Program, state support measures are provided to promote employment for socially vulnerable groups of the population and mobility of labor resources. According to Abylkassymova, the plan for 2018 provides for the employment of 91.3 thousand people for social workplaces and public works, the fulfillment as of July 1 is 71.2 thousand people or 78% of the annual plan.

In addition, in 2018 it is planned to resettle 2,328 families (9,1 thousand people) from the labor surplus southern regions to the northern regions of the country, which is twice as much as last year.

Since this year, in case of the simultaneous employment of at least 5 people, employers are provided with additional subsidies in the amount of 450 MCI (1,082 million tenge).

"As of July 1, 412 families or 1,607 people were moved from the surplus southern regions, including 741 people of working age. Of these, 350 people have already been employed. Places in schools and kindergartens were provided to 1,341 children, 68 graduates entered colleges and universities," the minister informed.

Also, since this year all state employment centers fully provide professional guidance and support to all applicants in the selection of suitable work. Since the second half of 2018, the outsourcing of employment promotion public services to private employment agencies has been introduced.

"Taking into account the requirements of the digital economy, there will be new demands for the skills and competencies of the workforce. In this regard, it is necessary to adapt labor resources to the needs of the new economy. To address these issues, the Ministry is modernizing and preparing the labor market for new challenges. In this regard, we are proposing to introduce complex changes to the Program to improve the effectiveness of its existing instruments and complement them with new measures," Abylkassymova said.

In connection with the increase in the number of school graduates, it is proposed to increase the quota in the framework of vocational training to obtain the first qualification, it is also necessary to revise the approaches to short-term vocational training, focusing on employment.

"Realization of the proposed changes and additions to the Program will make it possible to increase the effectiveness of the provided state support measures and ensure the achievement of the main goal of creating high-performance jobs," the minister summed up.

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