06 August, 2018

AEF Global Challenges Summit 2018 International Research: Kazakhstan reached a stable state of economic system

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International experts have completed the work on the key research of the past Astana Economic Forum ­– Global Challenges Summit 2018: Mapping the Global Challenges Agenda, on the perception of the global agenda by humanity. Ninety key challenges of the world development, grouped by five clusters: economy, geopolitics, technology, ecology and social risks became the subject of analysis.

The method of this unprecedented analysis is based on the technology of intelligent machining large linguistic data. The study analyzed almost 127 million texts published in the last year in 30,000 media in 140 countries.

The first version of a unique digital study-analysis of large linguistic data on the perception of key global challenges by different countries, continents and cultures of the world was presented at the forum in mid-May. World stars from 100 countries of the world discussed it within the framework of the Astana forum held in the format of the Global Challenges Summit. In July, the work on a unique international study was completed and it alarmingly states: humanity, whose destiny is determined by the dramatic problems common for the planet, perceives them highly segmented, seeing regional problems much sharper than planetary ones.

To achieve this goal, data analysis was carried out consisting of two stages. At the first stage of the analysis, a detailed description of 29 risks, thematically presented in the form of five groups: economic, environmental, geopolitical, social and technological, was produced. This description was compiled on the basis of a number of statistical indicators. The problems formulated at the first stage by explicating the objective perspective of the global risk concern understanding in a number of countries were supplemented with a description of the sociocultural attitudes of the population, which was presented as a second stage of analysis. In the second part, based on the World Value Survey data, a cluster analysis was performed, resulting in a set of country profiles. Each profile specifies a certain statistical indicator, which formulates the greatest concern with a particular global risk. These values are from the first analytical stage. The characteristics of the population’s attitude in the countries to these risks appear as an explanatory element of the formulated problem. The population’s attitude is formulated on the basis of a number of selected indicators from the WVS.

The study revealed a significant difference in the perception of the key challenges of global development between continents, mega-regions and countries. If the regions of the developing world are mainly focused on acute economic and social challenges, the developed countries are much more seriously concerned about the sustainable development agenda of the planet. For some countries that already live today in the reality of the digital economy, the most important threats include the problems of cybersecurity, the unemployment remains as the most important threat for others. If the problems of large-scale migrations and terrorist threats are on the agenda of Europe and North America, the problem of inaccessibility of the basic energy and transport infrastructure is more significant for the countries of the developing world.

Structurally analysis is the explication of statistical indicators and the explanation of formulated problems from the standpoint of socio-cultural attitudes and the economic situation.

Kazakhstan is represented in the third cluster, whose countries are characterized by the need for state support and the decisive role of their own efforts in achieving certain goals. As a rule, representatives of this cluster are more inclined to cooperative mode of action, rather than competition. The priority direction of development of the country by Kazakhstanis is the achievement of economic growth and the stable state of the economic system. Just less important is the creation of an open society with humanistic principles. The least relevant is the development of the country's military potential.

According to the study, residents of Kazakhstan have a high level of patriotic attitude towards their country. Along with a pronounced sense of patriotism and a general recognition of the importance of democratic values, the residents of Kazakhstan are characterized by the definition of tolerance as a value. There is a certain level of trust in representatives of another religion and nationality. Moreover, on average, the importance of articulation of the foundations of a tolerant attitude in children's upbringing is emphasized.

"Violence against people is considered absolutely unacceptable. The level of generalized trust is slightly above average. This determines honesty and unselfishness as the primary basis of communication. In general, for residents of the country, the recognition of the importance of the democratic foundations of society is crucial," the document says.

At the same time, for residents of Kazakhstan, the attitude to the Government, state structures and the electoral system is based on the expressed trust. The main elements of the electoral process (election campaign, media coverage, conditions for the actions of opposition forces, vote counting) are recognized as legitimate.

Violation of the key regulatory principles of civil relations (tax evasion, bribery) is perceived more negatively. Confidence in informal institutions (charities, environmental companies, women's rights organizations) is generally the same, although residents are more likely to have a passive involvement in the activities of such institutions. Participation in peaceful protests, demonstrations, donations, signing of petitions is noted on an insignificant level.

According to the study, the threat of military conflicts and terrorism are recognized as the main risks to the country's welfare. A little less of concern is the possibility of civil strife and violation of the borders of private space by public services. The problem of the ecological state and the spread of infectious diseases is also recognized as significant. Along with this, the problem of hunger and lack of medicines are referred to as irrelevant. On average, there is an articulation of the absence of the difficulty in accessing food and essential goods. Subjective assessment of their own well-being is defined as positive: residents are on average satisfied with the existing standard of living.

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