Politics • 18 September, 2018

Five perspective construction zones defined — Complex Development Plan of Astana was considered

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September 18 at a meeting of the Government chaired by the Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev, a Comprehensive Plan for the Compact Construction in Astana was approved with provision of engineering and transport infrastructure for 2019-2023.

Akim of the Capital Bakhyt Sultanov reported that in fulfillment of the Head of the State’s instructions, the akimat developed the Comprehensive Plan. The boundaries of the development area have been optimized from 25,700 hectares to 15,400 hectares and five promising development zones have been identified:

  • Alley Mynzhyldyk and the Nurly Zhol railway-station;
  • Mangilik El Ave;
  • West of Turan Ave;
  • South of the Telman Suburb;
  • renovation of the Asan Kaigy Street.

Due to migration of population and growth of the birth rate, the population is expected to increase by an average of 2.5% per year, by 2030 it is planned to reach about 2 million. According to the forecast, by 2023 the GRP of the capital will increase by 70% and exceed 10 trillion tenge, with the annual growth rate of the economy increasing from 4% to 6%. In addition, the number of SMEs will increase by more than 37%, exceeding the 216,000 mark. The share of small and medium-sized businesses in the gross regional product will grow to 57% by 2023 (50.5% in 2018).

The expected growth rates of the economy and the tax base will ensure an increase in local budget revenues by 43.7% to 355 billion tenge. Annual revenues to the republican budget from Astana will grow by 14% from 823 billion tenge in 2018 to 940 billion tenge in 2023.

"In the next five years, about 6 trillion of private investments will be invested in the development of the capital. Thus, on 1 tenge of state investments will be invested 4-5 tenge of private. In turn, this will contribute to the expansion of social and engineering infrastructure, as well as to the growth of housing construction," Sultanov said.

Active development of the territories will ensure the commissioning up to 2023 of about 10 million m² of housing.

Taking into account the annual increase in the level of motorization by 8-9%, up to 2023 it is planned to build 121 km of roads, two traffic interchanges, three bridges, overpass, tunnel and the completion of the ring road. The formation of the transport frame will prevent the probability of a traffic collapse on the roads of the capital and unload the main thoroughfares of the city by 50%.

One of the problematic issues in Astana, which requires a clear solution, is a storm sewage system.

"It is planned by the end of 2019 to work on the coverage of 17,300 hectares and ensure unimpeded drainage of surface runoff. The total catchment area will grow from 13,000 hectares to 23,000 hectares, which is 66.2% of the development area until 2030 or 96.5% of the area forming a drainage for the storm sewage system for 2020. To ensure quality services for the population 150 km of water supply networks and 81 km of water disposal networks will be built," the akim of Astana reported.

Reconstruction of CHPP-2 will provide an additional 2-2.5 million m² of residential and commercial space with centralized heat supply. Construction of Phase I of CHPP-3 will provide heat supply to the western and left bank part of the city. The second stage of CHPP-3 with the capacity of 418 Gcal / hour is planned to be implemented through the PPP mechanism.

According to the akim, the issue of privatization of Astana energy complexes is being considered with the involvement of independent consultants with experience in this field. All privatization procedures are planned to be completed by the end of 2020.

It is also planned to build three 110 kV substations and reconstruct 110 kV overhead lines. This will provide the Mynzhyldyk Alley, Zheleznodorozhny village with LRT electricity, reduce the load in the south-western part of the city.

As for the gas supply in the capital, Sultanov noted that at the first stage by 2021 it is planned to transfer gas to hot-water boilers of the thermal power station, as well as small private boiler houses, residential areas. This will reduce emissions of harmful substances by 30%.

At the same time, it is planned to strengthen the work on the further reconstruction of the Yesil river channel (12 plots). In order to improve the quality of life of citizens, it is planned to build parks and squares, including those located within a 20-minute walk from any residential area of the city.

Reporting on the development of the education system, Sultanov said that until 2023, the contingent will increase by 124,000 new student places, of which 50% of the deficit is planned to be covered by private schools, 50% at the expense of the republican and local budgets.

"For 2019-2023 it is planned to build 37 schools and 10 outbuildings for approximately 63,000 places. This will eliminate the deficit in schools by 2021," the akim of the capital said. In the sphere of pre-school education, it is planned to build six kindergartens through the PPP in the amount of 6 billion tenge.

The PPP mechanism will also be actively implemented for health facilities. It is planned to build 13 facilities for 44.1 billion tenge, two more facilities for 30.4 billion tenge at the expense of PPP or the republican budget. These are the Central Road Hospital for 500 beds and a perinatal center for 250 beds.

Concluding his speech, Sultanov noted that the implementation of the Comprehensive Plan will have a positive effect on the development of the economy of both the city and the country as a whole. For 5 years the budget will receive 7 trillion tenge, it is also planned to attract 6 trillion of private investments. This will create 300,000 new jobs and attract 3 million tourists.

The report on this issue was made by the Minister for Investments and Development Zhenis Kassymbek, since within the framework of the project of the Complex Plan for Compact Construction in Astana for 2019-2023, the ministry is the co-executor for nine measures in construction, development of housing and communal services, and road and transport infrastructure.

So, on the issues of construction and housing and communal services, the akimat allocated 295.8 billion tenge, including on the main heating systems, city improvement, water supply, sewerage and stormwater drainage systems, financing of housing construction facilities and engineering and communication infrastructure to the areas of new housing construction in Astana. In the framework of the Comprehensive Plan 102 projects are planned to be implemented with a total length of about 200 km, and more than 1,000 land plots for these purposes will be seized. Kassymbek noted that the ministry as a whole supports the need to implement these projects.

Minister of National Economy Timur Suleimenov, in his turn, reported that the attracted investments for the implementation of the plan with the provision of engineering and transport infrastructure for 2019-2023 will ensure the annual growth rate of the economy from 4% to 6%.

Realization of important social and economic projects using the PPP mechanism will save money from the state budget. In accordance with the updated methodology for determining the limit on the acceptance of government obligations for PPP projects, the Astana city limit has been increased from 47.2 billion tenge to 88.1 billion tenge, which is 40.1 billion tenge (47%) more and will allow more projects to be planned.

The implementation of measures will also increase the number of small and medium-sized businesses by more than 37%. In order to increase business activity, the work to reduce administrative barriers will continue.

"The implementation of the Comprehensive Plan will have a significant effect in the formation of the Astana agglomeration as an economic center of the Eurasian continent, attractive for the population of Kazakhstan and other countries, and will contribute to the development of human capital and quality of life, development of a competitive economy," Suleimenov said.

The first Deputy Prime Minister Askar Mamin also made a comment. According to the plan in the next five years will be built 10 million m² of housing. About 546,000 people will be provided with housing. 37 schools and 13 health facilities will be built. The Plan provides for the implementation of projects through PPP mechanisms. In total, 6 trillion t of private investments will be attracted to the development of the city.

Summing up the consideration of the issue, the Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev noted that the Head of State always emphasizes that Astana should develop as a multifunctional city with a competitive economy, high quality of life and the environment. The implementation of the plan will help to solve these tasks.

Akimat of Astana and all interested state bodies are instructed to ensure timely and high-quality implementation of the activities of the Comprehensive Plan for compact development of the capital.

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