Yevniev reported that in accordance with the instructions of the President of Kazakhstan, the increase of at least 2.5 times in labor productivity in the agro-industrial complex and the export of processed agricultural products within five years will be provided, to a greater extent, by digitization of the agro-industrial complex.
According to the Ministry of Agriculture, digitalization will create at least 20 digital and 4000 advanced farms throughout the country and provide 100% automation of processes and public services.
"Digitalization will be aimed at the farmer and simplification of his activities from the beginning to the sale," said the First Vice Minister of Agriculture.
It is noted that in the process of digitalization of the agro-industrial complex it is planned to use the experience of such countries as Canada, Turkey, Australia, Germany, the US on fast online loans, analysis and weather forecasting, crop planning, price monitoring. The agency plans, through automation, to solve the difficulties that the farmer has at the initial stage of activity with the collection of information, advice, and training. So, from 2020 it is planned to launch online training with the involvement of private IT companies, this will allow the farmer to be trained with the choice of a teacher, courses and without coming to the training center and will reduce the temporary and transport costs of farmers.
It was also noted that starting in 2020, the practice of online consultations on entrepreneurship, farm management, agronomy, seed production, livestock production will be launched. In 2019, it is planned to implement a pilot project to launch online lending for spring field work, in 2021 the process will be fully automated.
Yevniev reported that to date the process of obtaining land at auction is not automated and there is no open map of land. The ministry is planning to provide land in electronic form only in selected areas in pilot regions until July 1, 2019, and in 2021 — to start the process in full. Until the end of 2019, it is planned to create an open map of land plots.
Due to automation, the difficulties faced by the farmer at the production stage — on obtaining subsidies, the lack of data on agro-chemical analysis, cosmomonitoring, accurate weather data — will also be solved.
According to the Ministry of Agriculture, 23.7 million hectares of land or 98.8% of the total sown area were digitized as part of the creation of electronic maps of fields, which are one of the elements of accurate farming. Until the end of the year, it is planned to complete the full digitization of fields in arable land. To analyze the application of precision farming in nine pilot farms in the North Kazakhstan, Akmola, Karaganda and Kostanay regions, the Kazakh Agrotechnical University carried out a revision of the equipment capabilities, differentiated fertilization, created electronic maps of fields, conducted agrochemical analysis of the soil, and compiled maps of the contamination of crops.
Training of farmers on the use of new technologies is carried out on the basis of landfills for precision farming: the Kaskelen agricultural park, Crop Farm Research and Production Center named after Barayev, Zarechny LLP and Kazakh National Agrarian University.
By the end of 2018, specific farms will be identified, with which work will be carried out to develop them to the level of digital beef and dairy farms.
Until the end of 2018 it is planned to create electronic maps of pastures. Within the framework of the introduction of accurate farming, three levels of farms are defined: a digital farm, an advanced farm and a basic farm, for which a set of necessary elements is defined.
Further work will be aimed at raising the level of the farmer through measures of state support. Reporting on the evolution of farms to the digital farm, Yevniev reported that the Ministry of Agriculture has already provided a baseline through the E-APC program by digitizing all areas under crops, and also by updating maps of the agrochemical state of soils.
"Now the goal of the basic level is to move to the advanced level, and advanced — to become a digital farm. The whole chain of the so-called "digital evolution" has already been developed and can be applied by farmers. With the development of technologies, the set of elements will be supplemented," Yevniev said.
As for the electronic distribution of diesel fuel for sowing and harvesting, according to Yevniev, by the end of the year a pilot implementation will be carried out jointly with the Pavlodar regional akimat with online application, the conclusion of an electronic contract and shipment.
"537 electronic applications for shipment for 16,594 tons of diesel fuel have already been formed. The project will reduce the costs of farmers and eliminate corruption risks. In 2019, it is planned to implement in all local executive bodies," Yevniev informed.
In addition, the First Vice Minister described such elements of digitalization of the agro-industrial complex as launching the E-Cooperation portal, e-commerce of grain crops, a logistics map for the construction of priority terminals, wholesale distribution centers, electronic veterinary certificates for monitoring the movement of products inside the country, online monitoring of the grain balance, statistics on grain prices, the rating of grain receiving points, electronic veterinary and phytosanitary laboratories.
It was also noted that at all stages of the farmer's activity it is planned to simplify procedures for obtaining state services through their automation.
"To date, out of 101 state services 61 is partially automated and 1 is fully automated. 98 state services, which are approved by the Interdepartmental Commission for the selection of public services, were automated. In the near future, it is planned to optimize the remaining 3 state services. Until the end of 2018 it is planned to fully automate 16 state services, until 2022 — all public services," Yevniev noted.
In conclusion, Arman Yevniev reported on the expected economic effect of the digitalization of the agro-industrial complex. Thus, in accordance with the State Program of the Agro-Industrial Complex, GDP growth of over 3 trillion tenge is planned for the account of measures, in which the effect of the digitalization will be 30% or about 1 trillion tg. Rector of the Seifullin Kazakh Agrotechnical University Akhylbek Kurishbaev, in his turn, said that the educational institution is working on the digitalization of the agro-industrial complex in two directions.
The first is the monitoring of the use of land resources, the second is the introduction of precision farming technology into production. Work has been done to digitize fields and implement space monitoring for land use processes. The technique for determining the state of pastures is developed. The practical help was provided to the farms of Akmola region in the creation of electronic maps of fields.
During the meeting, the reports of akims of Kostanay region Archimed Mukhambetov, North Kazakhstan — Kumar Aksakalov were also heard.
Following the consideration of the issue, Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev instructed the Ministry of Agriculture to accelerate the introduction of elements of precision farming and livestock smart farms.