Kazakhstan • 05 March, 2020

Oilseeds, fodder, vegetable and melon crops and potatoes production to be increased

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The last year turned out to be extreme for some areas of our country. The established abnormal heat in July-August was replaced by prolonged rains, which ultimately affected both the volume of the harvested crop and its quality.

In general, for most major crops, there is a moderate increase in production and productivity.

In 2020, it is planned to place crops on an area of ​​22.5 million hectares, which is more than the level of 2019 by 240 thousand hectares. The area of ​​oilseeds, fodder, vegetable and melon crops and potatoes will be increased.

Last year, the area under buckwheat was reduced by 29.4 thousand compared to 2018. A sharp decrease was observed in East Kazakhstan (by 11.7 thousand hectares), Pavlodar (by 9.2 thousand hectares), Kostanay (by 7 thousand hectares) regions. This played on the cost of buckwheat, according to which there was an increase in prices in all regions. In this regard, in 2020 the area of ​​this cereal crop will be increased due to its social significance.

There is an urgent issue with the use of fertilizers. It is necessary to have an agrochemical cartogram; it is necessary to intensify work on the conduct of agrochemical soil analyzes. It is planned to build new agrochemical laboratories, so laboratories equipped with modern automated equipment have already been launched in Kostanay and Petropavlovsk.

Also, one of the pressing problems is the struggle not only with weediness of fields, but also with pests and diseases. Timely identification of the distribution centers and chemical treatments will prevent significant losses of the crop and its quality.

Huge budget funds are allocated annually to combat them, and the effect of this is minimal. So, the area of ​​distribution of creeping mustard does not decrease, which causes significant damage to agricultural production. This means that the necessary measures are not being taken on the ground and their implementation is not being monitored at the proper level.

In addition, today rust and septoria are widespread in cereal crops. During years of mass infections, crop losses can reach 40% and even complete plant death.

In this regard, from 2020 all types of pesticides will be subsidized. At the same time, pesticides will be subsidized taking into account the economic threshold of harmfulness.

Information on the area, place of distribution of harmful, especially dangerous harmful organisms with numbers higher than the economic threshold of harmfulness and quarantine objects will be provided by the regional territorial inspection of the State Inspection Committee in the agro-industrial complex.

This measure will allow farmers to choose the necessary fungicides and insecticides for the control of plant diseases and pests, as well as prevent their mass spread by carrying out treatments in the optimal time.

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