According to Birtanov, today there are about 240,000 medical workers in the country. These are 70,000 doctors, 170,000 nurses. At the same time, about 20% of doctors and 12% of nurses work in the private sector.
It should be noted that according to the data of the Ministry of Healthcare, the measures taken to ensure staffing have reduced the deficit of medical personnel from 5,500 specialists in 2007 to 2,800 specialists in 2017, that is, by 48.7 %. By 2020, it is planned to reduce the deficit of personnel to 1,900 or 2.7% of the planned staff units.
To increase the availability of medical personnel further, the Ministry of Healthcare is taking a number of measures to recruit and motivate retention of specialists in the field. So 2018, with a deficit of 2,800 people, nearly 6,000 graduates have graduated from the internship and can work as general practitioners, surgeons and therapists in polyclinics, as well as about 1,500 narrow specialists.
"We issue three times more than there is a deficit. The problem is that mostly graduates go to the market, where private clinics mostly prefer, and go to rural areas and polyclinics with reluctance," Birtanov noted.
In this regard, the local executive bodies have been given the opportunity to place, at the expense of the local budget, an educational order for the training of personnel with higher and postgraduate education for the region.
"People study at the expence of the akims' grants and they have to work in the region where they came from. From next year we will introduce compulsory three-year testing for all graduates who have studied under the grant. The special state commission will distribute them to these places. Once the state paid for them, they must go and work," said Birtanov.
The minister added that many factors will be taken into account when distributing grants: where did the graduate come from, what was his academic performance. If there are talented, gifted, then they will be given the opportunity to continue their education in doctoral, master’s studies.
According to the Ministry of Healthcare, 458 entrants or 14.7% of the total number of students began to study at the expense of the local budget in 2018 (in 2017 — 213 people or 5.4%); 253 residents or 17% of the total number of residents (in 2017 — 75 people or 5%).
At the same time, specialists prefer to work in cities, rather than in rural areas. According to the Minister Birtanov, the allocation of social support measures for young specialists who came to work in rural settlements plays an important role in securing local staff. So, now the akimats should provide such social support measures as lift aid, hostel, preferential lending, 25% surcharges for rural health workers, reimbursement for utilities and fuel.
"We have legislated the measures of social support. To date, we have about 40% of graduates only who are supported by akims of the regions. We want to increase this percentage. Literally next week, we will propose that this share is brought to 60%. Because in order to interest graduates to go to the village, we need housing, elevators, guarantees that they will be given money to improve skills, etc. That is, the whole package, which is already defined. Here again, I want to focus attention on the heads of enterprises that work at the local level, and akimats," said Birtanov.