Abdygalimov was born in 1974 in the Almaty region. He graduated from the Satpayev Kazakh National Technical University with a degree in oil and gas geology, and the Ryskulov Kazakh Economic University with a degree in finance and crediting.
At various times, he worked at the Satpayev Institute of Geological Sciences, CNPC Ai Dan Munai, LLP Kazneftekhim KOPA, LLP Caspian Geo Consulting Services, LLP Geo-Munai XXI, LLP Geo-Engineer Consulting, LLP Research Institute of Mining and Drilling Technology KazMunayGas. In 2017–2018 he held the position of deputy general director of KMG-Eurasia LLP. From December 2018 to the present, he has served as acting chairman of the board of Kazgeology JSC.