Beisengaliyev was born in 1966 in the Kostanay region. He graduated from Buketov Karaganda State Universitya. He is a candidate, Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor in Economics.
He started his career in 1990 as a teacher at the Buketov Karaganda State University. In 1996-2006 he worked in the banking system. From 2006 to 2009, he was general director of Astana Capital Investment Group LLP.
In 2009-2011 he was a deputy chairman of KazAgro NMH. In 2011 he was appointed chairman of the Board of KazAgro NMH.
From 2012 to May 2018, he held the posts of managing director, general director, board member of the Samruk-Kazyna SWF.