Make Brazil great again?!
Twenty years ago Latin American countries experienced threshold moment when Argentina had industrial power, Venezuela was the second largest oil producer and Brazil successfully entered to the BRICS.
What happened? Nowadays Brazil has more than 14 million unemployed people. Moreover, every year the country is facing 60 thousand murders and 50 thousand rapes. «Crisis occurred this country because of favouritism and the notorious union between the government and the elites» claims experts. The fact that entire political class was corrupt was revealed when politicians from Brazil’s main parties have been accused of bribes and kickbacks. Therefore, a new president Jair Bolsonar pledged to «drain the swamp of corruption» and fight against terrifying crime.
“People are very angry… People are very mad at politicians and Bolsonaro presented himself not as a politician, even if he is, but as a kind of Messiah. People like these kinds of promises” said Lilia M. Schwarcz, a professor of anthropology at the University of São Paulo. Some experts believe that Bolsonaro used political scandals felicitously for his election campaign while others argue that social media was an important tool. Even the scandal when he was stabbed during a campaign event was considered as a rigged attack. Therefore, for former White House Chief Strategist Steve Bannon Bolsonaro’s outburst speeches are nothing more than provocative rhetoric which directed to growth of populism. There is no doubt that it is a way to manipulate people’s sense of patriotism and pride. By the way, analysts claim that Donald Trump also used this method in order to win the election in 2016.
Who knows?! Maybe he is following US president’s track. Anyway, Jair Bolsonar admitted that he is the fan of Donald Trump. In fact, they do have similarities: both are conservative populists who were criticized as an authoritarian, racist and sexist. They are pro-torture; anti-media figures who threatened to imprison political opponents. Despite their charismatic personality, analysts argue that Bolsonar is more radical on most position.
However, Trump was very delighted by the result of the presidential election in Brazil. He even tweeted after the election and announced that they (with Bolsonaro) are going to work closely together, especially in Trade and Military. It is not by chance that he emphasized these two areas. Analysts convinced that US president will use the military collaboration with Brazil against Venezuela’s issue where he has threatened intervention. Since China is Brazil’s main export source, Trump will make every effort to affect these trade relations. Furthermore, Brazil’s new president has announced that he is planning to limit the flow of Chinese investment in the Brazilian economy, which suggest an affinity with the US which could alter politics in the country and beyond.
The end of democracy?
Despite the success of gaining democracy from 1974 to the mid-2000s, the regime is experiencing obstacles in some countries such as Russia, Turkey and Venezuela. It is said that even in some European countries (Poland, Hungary) the level of democracy decreased significantly. And the fact that proponents of populism are winning the elections means that democracy is facing troubled times.