Talgat Yeshenkulov was born in 1978 in the Zhambyl region.
In 1999 he graduated from Taraz State University named after M.H.Dulati, in 2000 — the Kainar University, in 2010 — the Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
By profession, he is an economist, lawyer, Master of State and Local Governance, PhD of State and Local Governance. He speaks Kazakh, Russian, English.
He began his labor activity in 1997 in Alma JSC in Taraz city of Zhambyl region, held various positions in the Justice Department of Zhambyl region, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Education and Science, the Supreme Council, the Ministry of Environmental Protection, the Accounts Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Prior to his appointment, he worked as deputy chairman of the Education and Science Control Committee of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan.