Kazakhstan • 05 March, 2020

Veterinary requirements: dangerous organisms spread reduced by 25.5% in 2019

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Last year, veterinary requirements for pork, dairy products, wool, and phytosanitary requirements for flax seeds, wheat flour and animal feed were agreed with China, primeminister.kz reports.

At the same time, a total of 3,013 Kazakhstani enterprises are included in foreign Registers, including 569 enterprises in third-country registries (China, UAE, EU, RU).

Last year, 307 enterprises for the production of products under the control of the veterinary service were included, 245 enterprises for the production of products for the controlled phytosanitary service of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Since the beginning of this year, three more dairy enterprises have been included.

Now the financing of inspections of Kazakhstani enterprises for inclusion in the Third Country Registries will be from the budget, for which 291 million tenge has been allocated for the next three years.

Before exporting products, a lot of work is being done to ensure epizootic and phytosanitary well-being.

51.9 billion tenge were allocated last year for the necessary activities from the state budget in the areas of “Veterinary medicine, food safety”, “Phytosanitary, plant quarantine”, which is 6.5% more than in 2018.

At the same time, 57% was directed from the republican budget and 43% from the local budget.

Last year, 146 foci were registered for animal diseases, of which 131 foci were eliminated, in the remaining 15 foci, veterinary measures continued. Compared to 2018, the number of outbreaks is reduced by 12.5%, which is ensured by 100% coverage of the livestock to be vaccinated.

Last year, 140.7 million doses of vaccines in the amount of 7.625 billion tenge were allocated for this, with 62.6% of these being domestic drugs.

In the republican reserve for the current year, 74% of the vaccine volume required for the year is located, which will allow for spring vaccination to be carried out in a timely manner and in full.

For 2020, it is planned to carry out 150.1 million manipulations to vaccinate animals against 19 especially dangerous animal diseases; 41.2 million studies on 28 especially dangerous animal diseases (in the first half of 2020).

Regarding brucellosis, a herd is recognized as safe only after receiving a double negative result of a diagnostic study on the entire herd population. Last year, 205 dysfunctional cases were registered for brucellosis, 81 of them since 2018. Last year, 139 dysfunctional cases were rehabilitated and closed by the decision of the Ministry of Education and Science, and 66 veterinary and recreational activities continue at 66 cases.

For highly pathogenic avian influenza, in addition to vaccinating households along the migration route of migratory birds, households will be vaccinated in a 20 km radius around existing poultry farms.

For anthrax, annual preventive vaccination of susceptible animals with 100% coverage is carried out, quality control of vaccines used is strengthened. The 2,180 anthrax burials established by the cadastre are fenced and marked with identification marks.

Work continues with the International Epizootic Bureau (World Organization for Animal Health) on training veterinary specialists in France, to obtain the status of the IEB reference laboratory for small ruminant plague for Central Asian countries by the Kazakhstani laboratory, and to cooperate on brucellosis and leukemia.

During the reporting period, the Phytosanitary Service of the Republic of Kazakhstan carried out work on regionalization of the country's territory for especially dangerous pests and quarantine objects (maps). An analysis of data for the last three years shows a decrease in the area of ​​distribution of especially dangerous pests.

So, in 2019, as a result of timely phytosanitary measures against especially dangerous pests, the area of ​​distribution was reduced by 1.2 million hectares or 25.5%, for example, the area of ​​distribution of herd locust pests was reduced by 67%, which prevented crop losses cereals and legumes and pasture feed.

Last year, the area of ​​distribution of quarantine facilities amounted to 75.2 thousand ha, which is 40% lower than the previous year.

The total of 297 equipment pieces were involved and 476 thousand liters of pesticides were used. There are 80 tons of drugs in the republican reserve, which will allow spring to timely begin processing 553 thousand ha in the southern regions of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

This year it is planned to attract 151 units of equipment and purchase 10 tons of pesticides.

Last year, 64 control posts (32 veterinary and 32 phytosanitary checkpoints) began to operate at car crossings near the border with the Russian Federation and the Kyrgyz Republic.

Inspectors stop vehicles for checking documents, inspecting and inspecting cargo, and sampling. In case of violations, the products are delayed, destroyed or returned.

Thus, 63 veterinary and 52 phytosanitary control posts (car crossings, railway stations, airports and seaports, ICBC Khorgos) operate around the entire perimeter of the country.

In 2019, state inspectors identified 7,777 violations of the law. 7,038 orders and protocols were issued for violation of the law, 5,555 administrative fines were imposed in the amount of more than 231 million tenge, 2,402 product returns were carried out.

To facilitate the exit of agricultural products to priority sales markets, including China, at the initiative of the ministry, 156 standards based on the PRC standards (for oils, meat products, juices, drinks and other products) were adopted as part of the National Standardization Plan for 2019, as well as 14 standards were adopted based on the IEB guidelines and 8 standards for plant products based on UNECE standards.

For reference: Today, at the EAEU level, there are 12 unified technical regulations for food products, including 9 technical regulations for certain types of products, with lists of product standards — 1,382 standards and standards for control methods — 2,283 standards.

This year, the National Standardization Plan provides for the development and adoption of 46 standards for agricultural products. Within the framework of interstate standardization, it is planned to develop 105 standards.

We are actively cooperating with authorized bodies of the Russian Federation to launch the process of electronic exchange of phytosanitary and veterinary certificates that simplify export-import operations. It is expected that this work will also be completed by the end of this year.

The industry traceability system is developing on the basis of existing IPs regarding labeling, then after the implementation of pilot projects for various types of agricultural products, a model of the industry labeling system will be selected. The Ministry of Agriculture actively participates in the EAEU high-level working group to develop common approaches and determine the timing for the introduction of national systems of traceability of livestock products and crop production in the EAEU member states.

During 2019, 8 agreements and memorandums of cooperation in the field of agriculture were signed (with the Czech Republic, Georgia, Estonia, as well as a tripartite memorandum with Russia and Iran on cooperation in the wheat trade).

On Nov. 17, 2019, the “Roadmap for enhancing bilateral cooperation between the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Republic of Uzbekistan in the field of agriculture for the medium term” was signed.

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